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History of Pakistani Rugs

History of Pakistani Rugs

The art of weaving developed in the region comprising Pakistan at a time when few other civilizations employed it. Excavations at Moenjodaro and Harappa – ancient cities of the Indus Valley Civilization – have established that the inhabitants used spindles and spun a wide variety of weaving materials. Some historians believe that the Indus Valley civilization first developed the use of woven textiles.

Carpet weaving may have been introduced into the area of present-day Pakistan as far back as the eleventh century, with the coming of the first Muslim conquerors. It can with more certainty be traced to the beginning of the Mughal Dynasty in the early sixteenth century, when the last successor of Timur, Babur, founded the Mughal Empire. Under the patronage of the Mughals, local craftsmen adopted Persian techniques and designs. Carpets woven in the Punjab (in present-day eastern Pakistan and northern India) made use of motifs and decorative styles found in Mughal architecture.

During the Mughal period, the carpets made in South Asia became so famous that demand for them spread abroad. These carpets boasted distinctive designs and high knot densities. Carpets made for the Mughal emperors were of the finest quality. The carpets woven in Lahore were the first to reach European markets, including England, as far back as the seventeenth century.

Today, hand-knotted rug manufacturing is Pakistan’s second-largest cottage and small industry. The craftsmen have the capacity to produce any type of carpet using all the popular motifs, including medallions, paisleys, traceries, and geometric designs in various combinations. At Kurosh Rugs, this tradition continues; a wide selection of Pakistani rugs (as well as rugs from other countries) are available, and we are confident that you will find a rug to make any room in your home shine.

Learn about the History of Persian Rugs